Jump to content

  • Quick Navigation
Photo
- - - - -

Hazard Analysis vs Risk Assessment

eggs risk assessments CCP

  • You cannot start a new topic
  • Please log in to reply
10 replies to this topic

#1 Norwasila

Norwasila

    Grade - Active

  • IFSQN Active
  • 2 posts
  • 0 thanks
0
Neutral

  • Malaysia
    Malaysia

Posted 13 July 2018 - 07:13 AM

Hi,

 

Can you help me to understand different between hazard analysis and risk assessment?

 

Thank you

 

^_^

 

 

 



#2 mgourley

mgourley

    Grade - PIFSQN

  • IFSQN Principal
  • 929 posts
  • 753 thanks
98
Excellent

  • United States
    United States
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Plant City, FL
  • Interests:Cooking, golf, firearms, food safety and sanitation.

Posted 13 July 2018 - 09:34 AM

Basically, a hazard analysis is the first step in a process used to assess risk.

 

You analyze a process, material or environment to determine at which point a "hazard" (generally biological, chemical or physical) may exist or be introduced.

 

Once you have determined what the hazard is, you determine the "probability" or "likelihood" of the hazard occurring and the "severity" of the hazard. This is the "risk assessment".

 

Once you have determined the "risk" of the "hazard", you can then put into place "control measures" to mitigate the hazard.

 

Marshall



Thanked by 1 Member:

#3 Charles.C

Charles.C

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Moderator
  • 13,614 posts
  • 3733 thanks
411
Excellent

  • Earth
    Earth
  • Gender:Male
  • Interests:SF
    TV
    Movies

Posted 13 July 2018 - 11:04 AM

Hi,

 

Can you help me to understand different between hazard analysis and risk assessment?

 

Thank you

 

^_^

 

Hi Norwasila,

 

Yr query has appeared here before 2-3 times in various ways. It's probably an indication of the complexity that the previous responses seem to have mostly been rather underwhelming :smile:. One IMO helpful (2011) thread is noted below.

 

Currently IMO the terms hazard analysis and risk assessment are often used interchangeably. However, Literature-wise, there are differences -

 

The terminology (Food) hazard analysis originated via  haccp in 1970s et seq

The terminology (Food)  risk assessment originated via  food risk analysis much later in 1990s

 

The outputs/objectives for the 2 terrminologies as respectively defined in above were/(are?) different albeit related, eg this quote (NACMCF,1997) –

 

Hazard identification and evaluation [aka hazard analysis] as outlined in [HACCP] Appendix D may eventually be assisted by biological risk assessments as they become available. While the process and output of a risk assessment (NACMCF, 1997)(1) is significantly different from a hazard analysis, the identification of hazards of concern and the hazard evaluation may be facilitated by information from risk assessments. Thus, as risk assessments addressing specific hazards or control factors become available, the HACCP team should take these into consideration.

 

Also see the section "risk analysis vs hazard analysis" in file cx1 in this older, related, post/thread –

 

http://www.ifsqn.com...sis/#entry44580

 

A current, condensed, internet answer to the OP is here –

 

Attached File  hazard analysis vs risk assessment.pdf   293.81KB   26 downloads

 

And, here is an analogous comparison oriented to FSMA but covering similar ground –

Attached File  haccp vs risk-based preventive controls.pdf   144.29KB   22 downloads

 

PS – (much) longer answers/additionals to the above are here –

 

https://www.foodsafe...isk-assessment/

 

https://www.gov.mb.c...k-analysis.html

(note the [sort of confusing] appearance of  term “hazard analysis” within  risk assessment/risk analysis)

 

A, probably simplistic, overall summary might be that, from a haccp POV, risk assessment is primarily used to provide input for the hazard analysis. Chicken or egg ?


Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C


Thanked by 1 Member:

#4 Scampi

Scampi

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Fellow
  • 1,320 posts
  • 377 thanks
67
Excellent

  • Canada
    Canada
  • Gender:Not Telling

Posted 13 July 2018 - 01:11 PM

The HACCP hazard analysis should be used to evaluate every step in your process, where do employees enter, is there a hazard introduced there; if you make a product labeled "nut free" are employee lunches a hazard to your process/finished good; if you use a raw ingredient (say live animals) to they inherently introduce hazards to the plant (e coli, salmonella, campy), then you figure out how to control, reduce or eliminate the hazards with the PRP program

 

Risk analysis is looking at each step, say your approved suppliers and determining the risk level to the supplier and/or ingredient(s). So let's say you use turmeric, the facility is GFSI certified and provides CofA for every lot, but turmeric is known to be adulterated for financial gain making the risk level medium to high on the ingredient but low on the supplier which is something the hazard analysis wouldn't touch as your PRP would only cover how vendors are approved



Thanked by 1 Member:

#5 Charles.C

Charles.C

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Moderator
  • 13,614 posts
  • 3733 thanks
411
Excellent

  • Earth
    Earth
  • Gender:Male
  • Interests:SF
    TV
    Movies

Posted 13 July 2018 - 04:38 PM

The HACCP hazard analysis should be used to evaluate every step in your process, where do employees enter, is there a hazard introduced there; if you make a product labeled "nut free" are employee lunches a hazard to your process/finished good; if you use a raw ingredient (say live animals) to they inherently introduce hazards to the plant (e coli, salmonella, campy), then you figure out how to control, reduce or eliminate the hazards with the PRP program

 

Risk analysis is looking at each step, say your approved suppliers and determining the risk level to the supplier and/or ingredient(s). So let's say you use turmeric, the facility is GFSI certified and provides CofA for every lot, but turmeric is known to be adulterated for financial gain making the risk level medium to high on the ingredient but low on the supplier which is something the hazard analysis wouldn't touch as your PRP would only cover how vendors are approved

 

Hi Scampi,

 

I think you have invented a new "Risk Analysis". :smile:


Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C


#6 Scampi

Scampi

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Fellow
  • 1,320 posts
  • 377 thanks
67
Excellent

  • Canada
    Canada
  • Gender:Not Telling

Posted 13 July 2018 - 04:47 PM

????? Charles? i don't follow the "new"



#7 Charles.C

Charles.C

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Moderator
  • 13,614 posts
  • 3733 thanks
411
Excellent

  • Earth
    Earth
  • Gender:Male
  • Interests:SF
    TV
    Movies

Posted 13 July 2018 - 04:59 PM

????? Charles? i don't follow the "new"

 

This is the classic Codex Risk Analysis via Post 3 -

 

Hazard analysis - addresses hazards within a narrow context, such as
the potential for the hazard to enter a food at a plant/processing level.  
A hazard analysis is usually conducted at the plant/process level to
establish a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan.

 

Risk analysis –also deals with hazards, as well as the condition of a
food; however, it does so on a broader scale. This process examines
the potential impact of a hazard that is introduced into the food supply,
taking into account exposure from other sources

 


Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C


#8 Scampi

Scampi

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Fellow
  • 1,320 posts
  • 377 thanks
67
Excellent

  • Canada
    Canada
  • Gender:Not Telling

Posted 13 July 2018 - 05:13 PM

LOL got it Charles



#9 Charles.C

Charles.C

    Grade - FIFSQN

  • IFSQN Moderator
  • 13,614 posts
  • 3733 thanks
411
Excellent

  • Earth
    Earth
  • Gender:Male
  • Interests:SF
    TV
    Movies

Posted 13 July 2018 - 05:46 PM

No Problem.

 

"New" is good too. :smile:


Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C


#10 redfox

redfox

    Grade - SIFSQN

  • IFSQN Senior
  • 428 posts
  • 121 thanks
12
Good

  • Philippines
    Philippines

Posted 14 July 2018 - 05:27 AM

Hello,

 

The post number #1 maybe using the old HACCP format where the is no quantification of the risk...what were there is only "significant" or "not significant". and justification. New format has inclusion of likelihood and severity. 

 

Risk analysis in broader term includes all step or action from raw materials until your finished goods it is received by your buyer or end user.

 

regards,

redfox



#11 Norwasila

Norwasila

    Grade - Active

  • IFSQN Active
  • 2 posts
  • 0 thanks
0
Neutral

  • Malaysia
    Malaysia

Posted 17 July 2018 - 07:02 AM

Dear All,

 

Thank you for helping..

 

:spoton:







Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: eggs, risk assessments, CCP

0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users