# How to calculate "serving size' under FDA?

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### #1 NEDA

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Posted 03 October 2017 - 02:42 PM

Hi,

i have checked US new regulation for calculating serving size but it is really complicated to me. does any body could help me how could i calculate a serving size and serving per container for following item as example.

- 14 brownies in a tub ( each brownie 15 g ) . is it 3 pieces (45g) correct as serving size, if yes what would be the serving per container ?

### #2 kgonzalez

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Posted 03 October 2017 - 06:11 PM

§101.9   Nutrition labeling of food.

(b)(8)(i) "The number of servings shall be rounded to the nearest whole number except for the number of servings between 2 and 5 servings and random weight products. The number of servings between 2 and 5 servings shall be rounded to the nearest 0.5 serving. Rounding should be indicated by the use of the term about (e.g., about 2 servings, about 3.5 servings)."

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### #3 kgonzalez

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Posted 03 October 2017 - 06:13 PM

Ah, and in response to serving size, yes - your closest approximation of the 40g RACC for brownies would be 3 15g pieces.

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### #4 NEDA

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Posted 03 October 2017 - 06:55 PM

thank you for your information, i would appreciate if you tell me how would be the serving per container?

for example : I calculate serving size : 3 pieces ( 45gr) but I have 14 brownies in a tub(container), how would be the calculation for serving per container?

### #5 NEDA

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Posted 03 October 2017 - 06:55 PM

Ah, and in response to serving size, yes - your closest approximation of the 40g RACC for brownies would be 3 15g pieces.

thank you for your information, i would appreciate if you tell me how would be the serving per container?

for example : I calculate serving size : 3 pieces ( 45gr) but I have 14 brownies in a tub(container), how would be the calculation for serving per container?

### #6 FurFarmandFork

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Posted 03 October 2017 - 09:33 PM

It is complicated. I have a walkthrough example in a blog post here: http://furfarmandfor...y-of-a-serving/

Austin Bouck
Owner/Consultant at Fur, Farm, and Fork.
Consulting for companies needing effective, lean food safety systems and solutions.

Subscribe to the blog at furfarmandfork.com for food safety research, insights, and analysis.

### #7 kurtc

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Posted 05 October 2017 - 06:47 PM

I see you are in Canada but here is the FDA Link which specifically lists many types of foods including brownies (serving size is 40 grams).

https://www.accessda...h.cfm?fr=101.12

Regards,

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### #8 kgonzalez

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Posted 06 October 2017 - 08:08 PM

Serving size 3 pieces (45 g)

Your closest approximation to the 40g RACC is 3 pieces, 45g. At 14 brownies in a container, that would be 4 and 2/3 servings. The regulation is that, as it is between 2 and 5 servings, it should be rounded to the nearest half-serving and accompanied with the word "about" to indicate rounding.

### #9 Paula da Silva

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Posted 02 May 2018 - 12:29 PM

It is complicated. I have a walkthrough example in a blog post here: http://furfarmandfor...y-of-a-serving/

Hi FFF,

I've been reading the example in your blog . I understand that FDA determines what the serving size should be, what I still don't understand is if it is compulsory to use it on the label? , what does manufacturers have options in specific situations mean?

our product for instance could be classified as functional food and this category is not in the RACC table, so I'm not sure if we could stick with our reference amount without following the RACC given by FDA?

Paula

### #10 FurFarmandFork

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Posted 21 May 2018 - 08:13 PM

Yes, it is compulsory to use it on the label, and FDA enforces it:

https://www.casewatc.../bestlife.shtml

https://www.fda.gov/...s/ucm438639.htm

https://www.fda.gov/...s/ucm432741.htm

https://www.casewatc...2004/peak.shtml

Specific situations sometimes present options, sometimes your product fits into more than one category, and the single serving rules used to have more options than the do under the new rules. Reconstituted/prepared products also require some creative rounding to follow the rules and leave multiple valid methodologies for doing so.

Austin Bouck
Owner/Consultant at Fur, Farm, and Fork.
Consulting for companies needing effective, lean food safety systems and solutions.

Subscribe to the blog at furfarmandfork.com for food safety research, insights, and analysis.

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