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Limits of Sudan dye in Palm oil


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#1 Rudra

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Posted 07 December 2020 - 12:10 PM

Dear all, can anyone help me? I wish to know the limits of sudan dyes I, II,III, IV in palm oil. Thanks & regards, Shakti



#2 pHruit

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Posted 07 December 2020 - 01:07 PM

Where are you selling the product?
In Europe they are considered illegal dyes (there have been various scandals/recalls relating to adulteration of spices with them), so any detectable presence is unacceptable.

I believe they are also banned in the US, although I'm not sure whether the FDA requires no detectable traces or sets a tolerance on potential presence.

If you're finding it at any detectable level in palm oil I'd be asking your supplier some fairly tough questions...



#3 The Food Scientist

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Posted 07 December 2020 - 04:59 PM

Depends where you are selling like pHruit mentioned. in the USA they are illegal as well and product is considered adulterated if detected. So check what the regulations are on it in the country you want to sell your products.


Everything in food is science. The only subjective part is when you eat it. - Alton Brown.


#4 Rudra

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Posted 08 December 2020 - 03:20 AM

Dear all,

Thanks for your comments. I use this oil to fry instant noodles which go to EU countries. I have tested a sample and the results are <0.5ppm for all sudan types. I am unable to find any related norms. 

Thnx 



#5 Charles.C

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Posted 08 December 2020 - 03:29 AM

Dear all, can anyone help me? I wish to know the limits of sudan dyes I, II,III, IV in palm oil. Thanks & regards, Shakti

 

Hi Rudra,

 

Laboratories performing analysis of Sudan dyes are not required to follow defined methods. However, the EU has set detection limits for these dyes at 0.5 - 1 mg/kg, and has stated that any foods or food ingredients found to contain more than the established limit should be withdrawn from the market

https://www.thamesre...l-dyes-in-foods

 

PS - note that mg/kg = ppm
 

 

 Annex  II  to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 lays down a European Union list of food additives approved for use in foods and their conditions of use and includes a positive list of permitted colours in which  the  dyes  under  consideration  here  do  not  feature .  Therefore,  any  amount  of  non-permitted dyes in the food chain is undesirable and potentially in breach of Regulation (EC)178/2002  (General  Food  Law)  which makes  it  an offence to  sell food that  is  injurious  to health, unfit for human consumption or non-compliant with legislation governing food safety.

The Standing Committee on the Food Chain  and Animal Health,  SCoFCAH,  at  a meeting held  in  Brussels  on  23 June  2006  decided  that in  order  to  adopt  a  consistent  approach  an action limit  of  500ppb (parts per billion, µgkg -1)  should be  applied to illegal  dyes  in  food ingredients  such  as  spices  and  palm  oil.  The  Standing  Committee  added  that  such  an approach should not be seen as Member States accepting adulteration and therefore the food industry should continue to investigate sources of contamination when they are found below 500µgkg -1  and  take  measures  to  reduce  levels  where  possible .  Recent  correspondence (August  2015)  with  the  Food  Standards  Agency  confirmed  that  no  further  update  of  the SCoFCAH position had occurred.

 

Attached File  Illegal dyes in Food and Spices (2016).pdf   1.16MB   4 downloads

 

Note -  500ppb = 0.5ppm


Edited by Charles.C, 08 December 2020 - 03:52 AM.
added

Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C


#6 Rudra

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Posted 08 December 2020 - 10:43 AM

Dear Charles,

Many thanks for these useful info.

Thanks & rgds,

Shakti






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