I previously posted a table of various micro. guidelines for food contact surfaces which were mostly issued pre-2000 at this link –
To update the earlier info., the attached excel file presents guideline data I have accumulated for 12 countries issued in the period 2000 – 2012. The compilation demonstrates that for a range of food-related scenarios, some “average” opinions for various (just) cleaned surfaces are –
(a) For Aerobic Plate Count (APC) - the majority of data suggests that, for routine cleaning/sanitising, surfaces typically have maximum APC counts in the range 10-100cfu/cm2 .
(b) For factors like Coliform, (generic) E.coli, Enterobacteriaceae, S.aureus, the expected maxima are, predictably, low, eg 1-10 cfu/cm2, or undetected. The latter requirement also invariably applies for “zero-tolerance” pathogenic microbial species.
Hopefully of some interest. Further input / comments welcome as usual.
Compilation of International Micro. Guidelines for food contact surfaces, 2000 onwards.xls 993KB 4144 downloads
Rgds / Charles.C
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Posted by Charles.C on 30 April 2013 - 03:03 PM
Posted by agnes on 13 January 2015 - 02:47 PM
Posted by Simon on 14 December 2018 - 06:55 PM
Wishing all IFSQN members and lurkers a wonderful Christmas and a Happy & Peaceful New Year. 2018 has been a fantastic year for IFSQN and next year we are planning more webinars, networking events and of course developing our thriving discussion forums further.
Thanks to you all and best wishes.
Posted by ChocoTiger on 14 July 2015 - 08:37 PM
Here are generic examples of what is needed for 184.108.40.206-220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168-22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, and 188.8.131.52-184.108.40.206. The programs I included in this are the prerequisite programs required by SQF.
Let me know if you need any additional help.
- Example 220.127.116.11 Validation and Effectiveness.docx 20.73KB 421 downloads
- Example 18.104.22.168 Verification of Monitoring Activities.docx 20.79KB 369 downloads
- Example 22.214.171.124 SQF System Verification Form.docx 21.94KB 365 downloads
- 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11 Verification And Validation Worksheet.xls 67KB 435 downloads
Posted by Wine Gum on 07 July 2015 - 07:22 AM
The PIGS diagram can be used to formulate hazards comprehensively:
P- presence (qualitative and/or quantitative evaluation of presence of hazards)
I-Introduction (Likely occurrence of hazards and severity of their adverse health effects)
G - Growth (Production or persistence of foods of toxins, chemicals or physical agents)
S- Survival (Survival or multiplication of micro-organisms of concern)
Hope this helps!
Posted by Simon on 19 March 2019 - 03:06 PM
Posted by Tony-C on 16 February 2016 - 02:56 PM
Hi Charice & Charles.
As you say Charles the two standards are inherently different with ISO 22000 generic in many ways.
I have drawn up a table of clauses that offers a rough comparison:
Comparison of ISO 22000 and BRC Food Issue 7.pdf 298.07KB 816 downloads
Posted by mgourley on 21 December 2015 - 10:30 PM
A lot of us have spent many hours writing policy to make sure that what we do is the right thing to do.
A lot of us have made sure that senior management is aware of said policy, and they always have input into the final product. We may go so far as to include approved exceptions.
Once they approve, or give tacit approval, that document states what we do in a certain situation.
That policy, procedure, whatever, then governs how "all" people act when that particular situation arises.
After the fact is not the time for higher ups to decide that the policy does not need to be followed.
Make your objections known, CYA, and move on. You are exactly right. You do not want to set precedent. If you do, what's the point in this rule, or that policy?
Posted by fgjuadi on 05 March 2015 - 08:41 PM
2.5.3 is your verification schedule, I use this for verification activities - Verify the metal detector is working every 30 minutes . Verify chemical concentration every morning via titration.
Internal audits go on 4.5.2 (Validation schedule)
To make it easier, I combine the 2.5.3 form with 2.5.1 (methods and responsibilities) and 2.5.4 (Verification of monitoring activities) . Basically it's a chart with each monitoring and verification activity, frequency, and responsibility.
So maybe the QA Manager checks the visitor log once a week, but they only conduct a food defense audit annually. The check goes on verification of monitoring, the audit goes on validation.
It can get very "fuzzy" as SQF does not dictate which activity is which. I attached copies of both if it will help - but don't be surprised if you get some different answers.
Posted by Charles.C on 18 November 2014 - 06:42 PM
Thank you for the detailed reply. Much appreciated. I have expanded a little on some of the comments in yr post / links.
I looked at 2 viewpoints, SQF/BCAS, on some desirable Quality characteristics of Compressed Air -
Purity is defined in the SQF Code (Appendix 2: Glossary) and means the absence of contaminants that could cause a food safety hazard. Pure air means the air is free of risk of cross-contamination to the products. Essentially, the air must not contribute any contamination to the product.
Strictly, use of the word “contamination” as defined by SQF implies that micro.standards based solely on APC limits could be regarded as safety (ie haccp) meaningless. (In a cleanroom context the situation would likely be rather different, limits derived for sterile scenarios are in some articles recommended as not being arbitrarily transferred into the food scene without due caution).
Similarly to SQF, BCAS implicitly defines contaminants in its introduction via -
Contaminants that may be a potential hazard in food for human consumption
In the context of the BCAS COP, hazard is presumably interpreted as safety hazard. On this basis, some difficulties also arise IMO, eg -
"6.2 Microbiological contaminants.
HACCP shall establish the risk of contamination by microbiological contaminants. The level of viable microbiological contaminants in the compressed air shall not be detectable using the method described in clause 7.6." Clause 7.6 refers to ISO 8573-7 test method for viable microbiological contaminant content.
The word "detectable" suggests that any microbial species other than what is (somehow) defined as "natural" to the specific product have zero tolerance. This seems inconsistent with basic haccp principles. Unless a list of accepably non-hazardous species exists ?
This post primarily focuses on micro. “B” factors, the “C, P” hazards are well over-viewed in the SQF faq (see Excel file/sheet3 below) and the Code’s Guidance documents, eg for parts 2/11.
I have done a little background searching regarding standards, micro.species, filters, etc and pasted some selected extracts into the attached excel book (the earlier studies in this area seem a little neglected these days, maybe justifiably ) . Most of the content will probably be (only too) familiar to you of course.
The source files are attached below, keyed to the excel sheet numbers.
added Charles.C, 21082018 - NOTE - URL Link on Sheet 2 of Excel is broken. File is available in Post 15.
sh1 - microbiological air quality.pdf 489.76KB 767 downloads
sh4 - Compressed-Air-in-the-Food-and-Beverage-Industry.pdf 3.82MB 525 downloads
sh4.1 - food industry compressed air systems,white-paper.pdf 196.81KB 374 downloads
sh5 - compressed air in food plants,white paper,Parker Balston.pdf 522.15KB 379 downloads
sh6 - ECFF.pdf 402.26KB 389 downloads
sh7 - tesco standard 2014.pdf 1.15MB 446 downloads
sh8 - air filtration systems.pdf 193.62KB 391 downloads
Rgds / Charles
PS - Two/three of the above documents are already in the thread linked in post 2 above. I re-used them to allow some convenient integration.
The mystery (to me) of why SQF's faq (typically) refers to 0.1micron filters whereas the guidance document specifies 0.01 micron remains. Nonetheless, if the cost/maintenance/implementation factors are comparable (?), the latter seems a logical investment for an easy audit (also see sheet5 in Excel file). For current purposes i assumed the faq is more "maintained" than the guidance and "acted accordingly".
PPS - the extensive collection of TA documents available via Laura's links in previous post(s) are remarkable and valuable. Highly recommended for browsees.
P3S – for those interested here are 5 more links, the first two look at typical air sampling devices/procedures (mainly food/cleanroom respectively), the next 3 focus on micro.aspects/standards as applied in pharmaceutical, cleanroom, sterile work scenarios. The similarities to concepts used (borrowed?) in the food business is clear but there are also significant differences in emphasis, eg the interest in viable/non-viable particles.
Posted by mdean1124 on 18 November 2014 - 02:43 PM
Try using the Human Error Assessment Tool (HEAT) system...
I'm incorporating it into a procedure for my supervisors to use in solving human errors. It comes from a now-defunct company called Talsico that was based in NJ. I don't know who to credit it to other than that.
Employee does not know or does not understand; no training or ineffective training.
c Employee did not have prerequisite qualifications
Provide employee remedial training in prerequisites or reassign employee.
c Employee not trained and qualified on task
Reassign employee until trained. Improve job specifications for task to include the training and qualification missed.
c First time employee performed task
Improve training to include "team paired" qualification with skill check for first performances.
c Employee did not perform task as trained
Reassign employee until retrained and re-qualified with skill check.
c Employee did not understand results of deviation from correct procedure
Improve training to include "scenario" to show results of deviation.
c Training was ineffective
Review and improve skill checks to show training is effective.
Employee made wrong decision or responded with inappropriate behavior or insufficient understanding of result.
c Situation not covered in procedure or training, incorrect logic used
Improve training to include the situation.
c Employee forced to make a decision without supervision input
Improve training to include "scenario" to show variations. Create a "decision tree" or "flow chart" for decision making; with feedback channels and embed it in the procedure.
c Situation unclear as to "normal operation" or "troubleshooting"
Improve training to segregate "normal operation" from "troubleshooting" in the task/procedure.
c Employee failed to make decision based on dilution of responsibility or blind eye ("not my job")
Improve training to include "scenario" for elevation of decision in chain of command.
c Employee did not understand results of decision or failure to make to decision
Improve training to include "scenario" to show results of failure to make decision. Change balance of results. Clarify expectations.
Employee trained, but failed to remember - unable to use skill or knowledge as required (e.g. change in a step/order forgotten).
c Extended time since employee last performed task
Improve training and qualification schedule to reduce extended time between task performances.
c Employee forgot or skipped task steps that are regularly performed without error
Improve work area to reduce interruptions. Confirm working environment is suitable. Create "error-proof" solution (task can only be performed one way).
c No "job aids" or "visual controls" available
Create "job aids" or "visual controls" to support recognition of tasks. Confirm they are readily available and changes highlighted.
Employee knew, but applied incorrect action or information (e.g. slips, wrong outcomes, transcription errors, mistakes).
c Several tasks involved simultaneously, i.e. too many things happening at once
Reduce or balance cognitive load. Re-order or re-assign tasks.
c Not enough resources or incorrect resources to perform task
Perform resource gap analysis and confirm employee has the resources to do the task. Confirm correct items are at hand each time before task begins (e.g. check list).
c Environment disorganized
Improve organization and structure the environment to the task.
c Health or fitness issues involved
Confirm employee is physically fit for the task.
c Data input or design of documentation
Error-proof the input system to prevent mistakes.
c Design of equipment
Error-proof the equipment and usage steps. Upgrade equipment.
c Employee knew the task, but applied the incorrect action/steps (e.g. perceived a color check incorrectly)
Provide symbols/signs/color standards/written descriptions in documentation and job aids.
Employee believed they did task correctly, but end result was variable or not desired outcome.
c Employee relied on "recall" rather than "recognition"
Provide recognition aids rather than relying on recall (e.g. use colors/sounds/symbols/signs). Prevent interference with operators.
c Distractions or disruptions present caused "recognition" failure.
Improve work area by minimizing distractions and disruptions. Isolate or rotate the task.
c Competing priorities caused loss of focus
Separate in-order tasks of a similar nature and of similar priority.
Employee knew, but forgot. Employee missed or did not verify the steps/actions or used wrong item (e.g. left a field blank).
c Employee had no double check of activity/information/results
Improve task an "over check" system. Have a second qualified person verify the activity/information/results.
c Distractions or disruptions present in schedule (break, shift change, holiday) caused failure
Improve task with "attention activators" (e.g. job aids, checklists, colored labels/highlighting, auditory/visual alerts, symbols, signs, form design). Activators must be appropriate in strength, number, and location.
c Not enough time in schedule to complete the task
Restructure or reschedule the type of task to fit time requirements.
c Employee perceived higher pressure than normal or concern due to unusual circumstance
Reduce pressure (e.g. restructure task with more personnel or other resources).
c Items required to complete task not available
Improve task with pre-work check list for required items.
Ineffective Documentation (e.g. batch records, procedures, job aids).
c Documentation not same as actual practice or unclear to employee
Improve document to reflect actual practice. Clarify practices used.
c Documentation missing step(s) or step(s) out of order
Improve document to capture missing steps or reorder steps to reflect actual practice.
c No "job aids" or "attention activators" available
Create a job aid with pictures to accompany the document, or include pictures or "attention activator symbols" in the procedure.
c Terminology of task unclear to employee
Improve document with help and input of end-user employee(s) to confirm clarity of terms.
c Order of action unclear to employee
Improve document with help and input of end-user employee(s) to confirm clarity of order.
Posted by cazyncymru on 23 October 2014 - 01:33 PM
Just released for draft consultation
Posted by RG3 on 15 September 2014 - 08:07 PM
The purpose of the Waste Disposal Procedure is to ensure that ________ products are produced, processed and handled in a safe and hygienic manner with appropriate waste disposal accommodations.
- ___________ department is responsible for the execution of this procedure.
- The ________ is responsible for responding to events which generate extra waste and which will require an extra pick up by the trash removal service through _______company.
- ________is responsible to verify this procedure is executed as outlined through daily pre-operational form xxxxx and GMP operational audit form xxxxx.
11.9.1 DRY AND LIQUID WASTE DISPOSAL
18.104.22.168 Methods and Responsibility to Collect and Handle:
Sanitation ensures that both organic waste and regular trash generated in equipment washing process, food processing, and premises surroundings are effectively removed.
22.214.171.124 Waste Removal:
A. Daily sanitation cleaning procedures involves checking to ensure regular trash and organic wastes are adequately removed from processing areas, both pre-operations and during operations. All regular trash is to be collected in designated trash containers and organic waste is to be collected in designated organic waste containers. (For details please see xxxx Food Container and Cleaning Utensil Color Code).
B. Dry waste such as processing waste, disused packaging materials are to be disposed in the trash compactor located at the _____ and ____ area. Trash disposal area should be maintained clean and organized at all times and verified daily to ensure it is not overflowing or leaking, and that litter or trash is not spilled or piled around it, which could pose a pest attraction, harborage or other contamination issue.
Trash compactor is to be empty _(Frequency)_____by “_______ Company”.
126.96.36.199 Container for Handling Waste Materials:
All plastic trash and organic waste containers are to be maintained in good conditions. Trash compactor and Trash Disposal Containers are to be maintained serviceable, organized and clean condition as not to attract flies and other vermin.
188.8.131.52 Waste Effectively Removed from Surroundings:
Management ensures that waste is effectively removed from wash-down, processing, and premises. Daily sanitation inspection involves checking to ensure trash is adequately removed from processing areas, both pre-operationally and during operations. The trash compactor area is verified daily to ensure it is clean and not overflowing or leaking, and that litter or trash is not spilled or piled around it, which could pose a pest attraction, harborage or other contamination issue.
Trash compactor door must be kept closed at all times, except when they are being loaded or dumped.
184.108.40.206 Liquid Waste
C. Liquid from ________ will be stored in Organic waste bins:
Reviews of the effectiveness of waste management will form part of daily hygiene inspections and the results of these inspections shall be included in the relevant GMP and Pre-operational reports.
Ongoing verification that the requirements in the Waste Disposal SOP are met is achieved through the internal inspection program.
How's that for generic???
Posted by cazyncymru on 09 June 2014 - 09:04 AM
I agree with Slab, yes I get paid more, but I don't just deal with Food Safety; under my umbrella comes Environment & Health & Safety!
Food Safety has changed so much in the last 14 years. I think its changed a lot in the last 5 years and if i'm honest, unfortunately (controversial statement coming), not all Quality Professionals have evolved along the way. Some times I see questions on here, and whilst we all have to start somewhere, I despair. I hold my head in my hands, wondering are they really serious or are they trolls! It does make me somewhat reluctant to respond to some post(ers). It would seem that some people are either unable to think for themselves or unwilling to! To be a quality professional you have to have at least a basic knowledge and I know it is difficult, but please if you haven't had a formal education in food safety, at least read a few books and try to learn something!
I think that we have now become more focussed in assessing risks with risk assessments becoming the backbone of a food safety system. As things have evolved, we are being asked to carry out more and more risk assessments; even if it doesn't truly affect our industry (I think Acrylamide!). Thing is, who's teaching people to do these risk assessments? And who taught them? their all subjective! as long as you can justify how you reached that conclusion, who's to say your right or wrong! In the latest version of the BRC, we are asked to carry out a vulnerability risk assessment. Now I work predominantly in Dairy, and I have interpreted this in risk assessing from the farm to the fork, so my study incorporates animal health as well as abuse by the customer. I'm lucky that in a previous life, I was involved in doing Farm Assurance, so I understand about what can potentially happen on the farm; but I bet I'm in the minority. We're asking quality professionals to assess something they may not have any idea about, and this is where mistakes can be made.
I also think we've become inundated with consultants. I probably get a request daily from either a consultant or a recruiter on LinkedIn!! If I need help I will ask, and if I want a new job, I'm sure I can find one myself! ( I've never used an agency to find a job)
So, those are my thoughts, I'm sure many will disagree.
Posted by Charles.C on 19 December 2018 - 04:28 PM
Posted by Scampi on 19 December 2018 - 02:37 PM
I suggest you take at least a preliminary HACCP course before you go any further down this path.
These are just a couple of examples. Since you are trying to get a company up and compliant (which is very very difficult and time consuming) and meet GFSI requirements and satisfy the FDA, i urge you to educate yourself further on what you are trying to do. Please
Posted by Guy Spagnoli on 02 May 2018 - 08:29 PM
My name is Guy 'Grundy' Spagnoli
I have been in Quality Assurance since 1979
Worked for Space Shuttle NASA Rockwell
Litton Saudi Arabia Limited
Military and Private sector - hardware/software, Auditor from Suppliers to first article to application ( I call it from Womb to Tomb)
Got into the food side by accident working for Mrs. Fields Corporation for 10 years and now for Thrive Life LLC. so yes, I have 40 years now in QA (boy that went by fast) and have enjoyed the experience and learn something new almost everyday.