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Probable causes of contamination by Salmonella Kentucky?

SALMONELLA KENTUCHY

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#1 EZIOTIZIAN

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Posted 26 April 2019 - 07:44 AM

Someone can tell me the most probable causes of this contamination



#2 zanorias

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Posted 26 April 2019 - 08:11 AM

Poultry products may be of particular interest because poultry is the main animal reservoir of S. Kentucky. Another possible source in East Africa is pork because a recent report identified quinolone-resistant (ciprofloxacin MIC >0.125 mg/L) S. Kentucky isolates in slaughtered pigs in Ethiopia (10). After identifying the source of the contamination, appropriate control measures should be implemented in the affected countries to control the spread of these isolates.

https://www.ncbi.nlm...les/PMC3290958/

 

The serotype most commonly isolated from chicken, Kentucky, has rarely been isolated from...

https://www.scienced...96399691100216X

 

 

A total of 489 human cases were identified during the period from 2002 (3 cases) to 2008 (174 cases). These isolates belonged to a single clone defined by the multilocus sequence type ST198, the XbaI-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis cluster X1, and the presence of the Salmonella genomic island 1 variant SGI1-K. This clone was probably selected in 3 steps in Egypt during the 1990s and the early 2000s and has now spread to several countries in Africa and, more recently, in the Middle East. Poultry has been identified as a potential major vehicle for infection by this clone.

https://academic.oup...04/5/675/799881

 

 

Public health officials recommend washing hands thoroughly after cleaning litter boxes and after contact with birds, and, as always, before handling food. People should wear gloves when handling dead or sick birds, and officials recommend paying close attention to symptoms in cats. Children, especially young children, should not come into contact with a cat that is ill.

https://www.foodsafe...en/#more-149327



#3 Charles.C

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Posted 26 April 2019 - 11:41 AM

I suppose the OP might have been asking what causes contamination of S.Kentucky in Poultry, Pork etc ?

 

I daresay we shall never know. :smile:

 

PS - I know one should not write "S.Kentucky" but I'm lazy.


Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C


#4 zanorias

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Posted 26 April 2019 - 11:58 AM

I suppose the OP might have been asking what causes contamination of S.kentucky in Poultry, Pork etc ?

 

I daresay we shall never know. :smile:

 

A good point Charles.

 

*ahem*

 

Eziotizian, please could you clarify whether you're looking for the cause of contamination to food/feed, or potential vehicles to infecting people?

Or simply making a stamement, in which case I'd agree: "yes I expect someone can". :smile:



#5 EZIOTIZIAN

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Posted 26 April 2019 - 12:43 PM

CONTAMINATION OF FEED



#6 Charles.C

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Posted 26 April 2019 - 01:32 PM

CONTAMINATION OF FEED

 

Hi Eziotizian,

 

The references below are general to the above Quote and not in the specific context of S.Kentucky.

 

Was there a specific reason for yr interest in S.Kentucky ?

 

As you probably know, the quoted topic has a long, long History and also huge Scope.

 

afaik, the Primary (but not the only) cause of Salmonella in Animal Feed has always been, and afaik, still is considered to be the raw material ingredients (this implies some circularity).

 

For an overview, I suggest  2 links below (there are hundreds of others) -

 

https://www.poultryw...a-daunting-job/

 

https://nutriad.com/...ontrol-in-feed/

 

For a detailed analysis of the Feed Production Chain, can try this 2012 document -

 

Attached File  Impact of Salmonella in Animal Feed.pdf   2.17MB   4 downloads

 

If the above is not relevant to yr query on S.Kentucky, please revert with more specifics.


Kind Regards,

 

Charles.C





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