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What is the difference between food defence and food security?


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#1 carine

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 03:30 PM

Hi all, 

 

I was wondering if there have a different between food defence and food security?



#2 pHruit

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 03:59 PM

What's the context of the question?
The two terms are often used interchangeably, but food security is also sometimes used in the sense of ensuring ongoing availability of sufficient foodstuffs to feed the population (given the effects of population growth, climate change etc).



#3 Hank Major

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 07:37 PM

Food S

 

What's the context of the question?
The two terms are often used interchangeably, but food security is also sometimes used in the sense of ensuring ongoing availability of sufficient foodstuffs to feed the population (given the effects of population growth, climate change etc).

 

'Food Security' is nearly exclusively used to describe access and affordability to a regular supply of food. The term should not be used as a substitute for 'Food Defense'.

 

https://en.wikipedia...i/Food_security



#4 pHruit

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 08:09 PM

Must be a regional thing - I've lost count of the times I've been asked about our Food Security Plan by customers, and very definitely in the context of food defence ;)



#5 Hank Major

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 08:11 PM

Must be a regional thing - I've lost count of the times I've been asked about our Food Security Plan by customers, and very definitely in the context of food defence ;)

 

As professionals, we should always use the correct term, regardless of customer ignorance.


Edited by Hank Major, 11 November 2019 - 08:12 PM.


#6 annacortes

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 09:41 PM

Food safety refers to protecting the food supply from unintentional contamination because of pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and E. coli O157:H7 and chemical and physical hazards. Food defense refers to protecting the food supply from intentional contamination with chemical, biological, physical, or radiological agent and Food Fraud.Food defense activities can include implementing additional security measures to: reduce the risk of someone intentionally contaminating the food supply, and minimize the impact of an incident.Food Defense is VOLUNTARY. Businesses are not required to implement food defense measures. However, it is a best practice that further protects public health and the business brand. The in-commerce surveillance activities related to food defense can assist facility owners or operators with identifying potential vulnerabilities. https://www.qualityassurancemag.com/article/qa0214-fsma-legislation-update/



#7 kfromNE

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Posted 11 November 2019 - 10:30 PM

Food safety refers to protecting the food supply from unintentional contamination because of pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and E. coli O157:H7 and chemical and physical hazards. Food defense refers to protecting the food supply from intentional contamination with chemical, biological, physical, or radiological agent and Food Fraud.Food defense activities can include implementing additional security measures to: reduce the risk of someone intentionally contaminating the food supply, and minimize the impact of an incident.Food Defense is VOLUNTARY. Businesses are not required to implement food defense measures. However, it is a best practice that further protects public health and the business brand. The in-commerce surveillance activities related to food defense can assist facility owners or operators with identifying potential vulnerabilities. https://www.qualitya...slation-update/

 

Food Defense in NOT voluntary for food manufacturers - both the USDA and FDA require some form of it. On the state/restaurant level - it is voluntary.  The article you sited is from 2014. Since that time the legislation the article was talking about - it's been passed. The final rule being issued in 2016.

 

According to the USDA

What is the relationship between Food Defense, Food Safety, and Food Security?

In order to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from threats and hazards of greatest risk to the food supply, it is important that preparedness efforts encompass food safety, food defense, and food security. While there are distinct differences between these three concepts, a comprehensive approach that addresses food safety, food defense, and food security considerations improves resilience and protects public health.

  • Food Defense - the protection of food products from contamination or adulteration intended to cause public health harm or economic disruption
  • Food Safety - the protection of food products from unintentional contamination
  • Food Security - when all people, at all times, have both physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2014)

Edited by kfromNE, 11 November 2019 - 10:37 PM.


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#8 GMO

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Posted 12 November 2019 - 06:51 AM

As professionals, we should always use the correct term, regardless of customer ignorance.

 

I'd say food defense is a very US term.  US Manufacturers rarely use the term "HACCP" despite it being the correct term (and developed in the US) that the rest of the world are very happy using.  #Justsayin' :ejut:



#9 CMHeywood

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Posted 15 November 2019 - 03:13 PM

So, per the responses above:

 

Food Safety, HACCP, Food Defense = internal programs implemented by the manufacturer.

 

Food Security = external programs most likely implemented by government agencies or similar third parties.



#10 baltanakts

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Posted 21 February 2020 - 05:14 AM

So, per the responses above:

Food Safety, HACCP, Food Defense = internal programs implemented by the manufacturer.

Food Security = external programs most likely implemented by government agencies or similar third parties.

Food defence - when security department think how to save product from different bad people who want damage the product in different ways and also to make impact to humans mental and physical health .

Food security -when security department only think how to save product and also different items of company from bad people who want to stole these things and company will lose money. The main aspect is - dont lose money in everyday life and to keep company's everyday life in calm order.
I wrote it very simply ...but it is true

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