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HACCP for Carbonated Beverages

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foodie13

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Posted 11 January 2023 - 06:43 PM

Hello all,

I've searched these forums extensively and haven't been able to answer my question, so posing my questions/concerns to the group:

 

Recently started at a new job where we produce carbonated alcoholic beverages and carbonated non-alcoholic beverages. My task is to develop our HACCP program as well as achieve SQF certification.  With a background in the canning world (low acid and acidified), I am very familiar with the strict regulations for those types of products.  The only regulations I have been able to find for carbonated beverages is the EXCLUSION of carbonated beverages from acidified food regs.  

 

Our products are all 3.6 pH or less and carbonated. They also contain up to 5% juice. With that being said my concerns are regarding the non-alcoholic beverages in the portfolio: 

 

  • Are there any good resources of food safety information available for carbonated beverages? Even if it is a certain trade organization I should join?
     
  • Is there a minimum carbonation level that is recognized (even unofficially) as "carbonated" vs not carbonated? Especially from a food safety perspective? I've been asked several times already "well, how much carbonation can we get away with to not fall under acidifed food regs?"  That "get away with" thinking alone makes me nervous and I need some solid line in the sand with references. . 
     
  • Any resources explaining why carbonation inherently makes a product safer than flat acidified products? 
     
  • If carbonation is the distinguishing factor to determine if a product falls under acidifed food canning regulations or not, then am I incorrect to state the carbonation level should be a CCP
     
  • Info on environmental monitoring requirements in this type of facility? (Coming from canning world so I have limited experience with EM programs)

Appreciate any insight or direction and thanks for all the wonderful information in these forums!


Edited by foodie13, 11 January 2023 - 06:44 PM.


RafifUtamaPutra

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Posted 13 January 2023 - 01:46 AM

Hello foodie13, I will try to answer one of your questions

 

  • Info on environmental monitoring requirements in this type of facility? (Coming from canning world so I have limited experience with EM programs)

-----> for info on the environmental monitoring of beverages company, you can check it one of this regulation, it will maybe help you. But, at first, you need to do a risk assessment of your facility according to the document below

 

Attached File  env4 - AIB environmental monitoring program.pdf   412.49KB   11 downloads

Attached File  color FSSC-22000-Guidance-Document-on-Environmental-Monitoring-V1.pdf   407.69KB   10 downloads

  • Any resources explaining why carbonation inherently makes a product safer than flat acidified products? 

------> I have never heard of this before, according to my knowledge carbonation and acidified products have their respective purposes in shelf life. If the drink uses carbonation, then the purpose is to keep the contents in the drink so that it is not easily oxidized. As for acidification, the purpose is that the product does not need to be heated for sterilization, just pasteurization and storage at cold temperatures are enough. 

Maybe if you want to know the resource, I have already tried to check the international journal but have not found it yet.

 

  • If carbonation is the distinguishing factor to determine if a product falls under acidifed food canning regulations or not, then am I incorrect to state the carbonation level should be a CCP

------> In my opinion CCP is just for food safety, if we talk about the food category I think you don't need to put that process to CCP. But if we talk about the limit of use, and it will be dangerous if it is used more than it should be, then it can be considered as a CCP

 

Maybe you can check on codex (https://www.fao.org/...ml?collapse=233) about the food category. but in Indonesia, there is an association that will help us know what our product category is. 

 

CMIIW

 

Thanks





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